What Is Keloid Scar? Causes of Formation & Effective Treatment Methods for Keloid Scars

SScar is a skin condition that forms during wound healing. Depending on many factors, scars will have different shapes such as normal scars, keloid scars, concave scars or hypertrophic scars. In particular, keloid scars are the most common and easiest to form scars, so for skin care professionals, this is a skin problem that needs to be thoroughly investigated.

Therefore, this article Miss Tram Academy Please share the necessary knowledge about keloids, their causes and effective treatment methods.

What Is Keloid Scar? Causes of Formation & Effective Treatment Methods for Keloid Scars

What Are Keloid Scars?

During the healing process of skin wounds, scars will appear and is a completely natural process. The recovery process includes the following stages: inflammatory response, proliferation and tissue regeneration.

Keloid scars appear on the skin

Normally, the skin will need a long time to go through these recovery stages to return to its original condition. However, if any disturbance of the body occurs during this time, the healing process will be affected and various types of scars will be formed.

Depending on many factors such as: level of damage, location, skin care and external environmental influences, the severity of scars is also different such as: normal scars, keloid scars, concave scars, scars. hypertrophy…

In particular, keloid scars are the result of an overgrowth of fibrous tissue after skin damage, causing the affected area to have keloids high on the surface and have a larger area than the wound.

Features Of Keloid Scars

Keloids usually stay on the skin for life and do not disappear over time. These scars are usually smooth, pink, purple, or darker than the skin color. In particular, they often cause itching, even stinging when touched. Some features of keloids that you need to know:

  • Keloids tend to grow beyond the original wound. A needlestick or acne also causes keloids to form and grow into masses.
  • Keloids are formed by excessive collagen production during the healing process. Therefore, they cannot shrink on their own or disappear over time without treatment.
  • Keloids can develop after wound formation, but within 1-2 years they will stop growing.
  • Keloid scars can appear anywhere on the body, but if you have keloids in movement positions such as shoulders, chest, arms, knees, etc., they are easy to enlarge and cause more cosmetic loss.

Causes of Keloids Formation

Wounds are the cause of keloid scars on the skin

Keloid scars are formed by many influences and these effects have a direct impact on the degree of hypertrophy, aesthetics and the ability to treat scars. Therefore, a skin care professional needs to understand the causes of scarring:

  • Grievous: The more damaged the skin, the longer the healing process. Therefore, the risk of keloid formation is also higher than for minor injuries.
  • Genetic factors: People with a scarred background will have a higher risk of forming hypertrophic keloids than the average person.
  • Wounds that are not treated properly: If the wound is not given first aid and properly bandaged, not completely removing the residual foreign body will cause keloid scars to easily form.
  • Due to improper squeezing acne: With severe acne spots, improper squeezing will leave the skin vulnerable to damage and infection. From there, it is easy to leave keloid scars on the skin. 
  • Due to diet during wound healing: If you eat foods that irritate the wound or increase the likelihood of keloid formation such as seafood, water spinach, chicken, eggs, sticky foods, etc., it will certainly increase the risk of scarring.

Effective Keloid Scar Treatment Methods

Although keloid scars do not affect health, they will cause loss of aesthetics and affect the psychology and confidence of customers, especially female customers. Therefore, you need to understand the effective methods of treating keloids to optimize the treatments at the Spa.

Some of the most popular scar treatments today:

1. Intra-lesional corticosteroid injection

Corticosteroid injections help treat keloids effectively

Injectable scar treatment is quite simple, quite safe and effective with the injection used as triamcinolone acetonide. However, this method can leave some side effects such as: skin atrophy at the injection site, vasodilation, menstrual disorders, hair growth stimulation, irreversible loss of pigmentation...

2. Cryotherapy

Treatment of keloid scars by cryosurgery is highly appreciated

Cryosurgery is freezing the lesion with liquid nitrogen to destroy the fibrous tissue on the keloid, causing the scar to collapse. This is an effective method with few complications and is widely used in hospitals.

3. Surgery

Surgical excision of the lesion usually requires many high techniques and needs to be combined with other treatment measures to avoid scar recurrence (such as corticosteroid injection, silicone patch, compression bandage, imiquimod application ...). In particular, surgery usually does not make the scar disappear completely, so it is only applied to certain cases of scars.

4. Laser method

Using laser method to treat keloid scars

Laser scar treatment is considered a highly effective method of treatment and leaves few complications. The right wavelengths will cause the size of the keloid to fade and almost disappear. However, it is necessary to use modern machinery and technology to bring the best results.

The above are the share of Miss Tram Academy knowledge about keloid scars. To help customers get rid of keloids quickly, you need to determine the scar level, condition and time of scar formation, and then plan an appropriate treatment plan. You can refer to the intensive skin care and treatment courses at Miss Tram Academy to know the most effective scar treatment technologies and procedures.

Hope the above sharing will be useful to you. Good luck!

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