Skin in the summer often encounters many uncomfortable problems, but one of the most common problems that appear is hyperpigmentation. This is both uncomfortable and unsightly for your face. So what should be done to prevent this from happening? And Miss Tram Academy Find out how to prevent hyperpigmentation in the summer with the article below.
The Secret To Preventing Hyperpigmentation In Summer
What Is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a phenomenon in which dark spots and melasma appear on the skin, especially the face. This is because the body produces too much of the pigment melanin. Although this is a condition that is not usually dangerous or harmful to human health, however, if it is excessively increased, it will lead to pigmentation disorders that make the skin lose its aesthetics. it.
Causes of skin hyperpigmentation
This is because the change in the levels of Estrogen and Progesteron in the blood will stimulate the body to produce more melanin under the skin and is commonly known as melasma. If this condition occurs during the period of pregnancy, it will be called "mask of pregnancy", in some cases, this condition will gradually disappear after giving birth, but this is a very high number. little.
Skin damage due to inflammation
Damaged skin is at risk of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. This means that after the wound has completely healed, the skin will become flatter and darker than the surrounding skin. This condition often occurs after acne or when you have just had cosmetic treatments with therapies such as skin abrasion, laser treatment or using chemical masks. It can worsen symptoms, creating patchy areas of skin that are unsightly.
Hereditary melasma is formed on the mechanism of automatic DNA replication, according to research results, up to 45% of melasma is hereditary in all people with melasma.
The effect of the sun element
When the skin is exposed to the sun, the body automatically produces melanin. This substance has the ability to absorb light with a very wide spectrum, thereby helping the body to resist the effects of ultraviolet rays. If you are exposed to the sun for a long time, melanin will be produced more, causing the skin to darken and even the appearance of age spots, melasma.
So what is the secret to help prevent hyperpigmentation in summer?
Most of the causes of hyperpigmentation cannot be treated, such as hormonal disorders, inflammation or genetics. But we still have ways to prevent this process from happening or if it does, to a very small extent.
Limit your exposure to the sun
Sun exposure is the main cause of hyperpigmentation. Therefore, avoiding the sun is an effective method to prevent this phenomenon from happening. In particular, the period from 10 am to 15 pm daily is the time when you should limit your sun exposure the most during the day. Because this is the time when the sun's rays are most active. Besides, if you have to go out, use protective equipment such as hats, wide-brimmed hats, sunscreen, gloves, sunglasses, etc. for your skin.
Always use sunscreen
Using sunscreen is one of the ways to help protect against the effects of UVA and UVB rays. Use a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30. And remember to apply it 15-30 minutes before going outside and reapply every 2 hours or more often if you go swimming or do sweaty jobs.
There is scientific diet
Dietary factors are also one of the best ways to prevent hyperpigmentation. Because there are some substances that when introduced into the body can slow down the production of melanin, but there are also many substances that make this process happen faster, making melasma and freckles darker. You need to pay attention to avoid alcohol, beer and hot spices. Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, drink plenty of water, and get enough sleep. The dishes should be supplemented with foods rich in vitamins A, C, E, Omega-3, Selenium, etc. to fight skin aging.
If you have melasma, dark spots, freckles, see your doctor to find out the cause as well as the appropriate treatment. Do not arbitrarily use products floating on the market of unknown origin. It may initially help your skin become whiter, but often the mechanism of action of these products is to erode the skin, so they will make your skin thinner and weaker. Since then, the dark spots will become worse and more difficult to treat.
Here are some tips for Miss Tram Academy want to share with you to help you go through the summer with the brightest, smoothest skin. If you have any contributions, do not hesitate to share with Miss Tram.